The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements defines Organic Farming as:
“Organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved”
In fact, Organic Farming in practice now, is only an improved version of the original type of agriculture adopted by our fore-fathers in earlier days.There are still many noble farmers whose farming methods are by default organic viz, they had never switched to the chemical inputs. It had been a way of their life and tradition. They adopted ways that were more planet-friendly and for a real farmer his field & crop amount to their soul.
Practically speaking, it does not mean going ‘back’ to traditional methods. Many of the farming methods used in the past are still useful today. Organic farming takes the best of these and combines them with modern scientific knowledge.
Organic farmers do not leave their farms to be taken over by nature; they use all the knowledge, techniques and materials available to work with nature. In this way the farmer creates a healthy balance between nature and farming, where crops and animals can grow and thrive.
To be a successful organic farmer, the farmer must not see every insect as a pest, every plant out of place as a weed and the solution to every problem in an artificial chemical spray. The aim is not to eradicate all pests and weeds, but to keep them down to an acceptable level and make the most of the benefits that they may provide.