Recycled and composted crop wastes and animal manures.
The right soil cultivation at the right time.
Crop rotation (multiple crop philosophy, known as polyculture).
Green manures and legumes.
Mulching (cover crops) on the soil surface.
Careful planning and crop choice.
The use of resistant crops.
Good cultivation practice.
Encouraging useful predators that eat pests.
Increasing genetic diversity.
Using natural Pest Controllers and Not Pest Killers.
Careful use of water resources.
Good animal husbandry.